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HUMAN SKELETON REMAIN FROM LIYANGAN- SETTLEMENT SITE OF OLD MATARAM KINGDOM, TEMANGGUNG, CENTRAL JAVA. In 2013, Center for Archaeological Research of Yogyakarta find a human remain on Cluster F, Liyangan site, Temanggung, which named as individual of Liyangan F1. This study tries to reveals biological and cultural aspects which recorded on this remain by bioarchaeological approach. Biological aspects are including; age estimation, sex determination, population affinity, and pathology or health condition. Meanwhile, cultural aspects are including antemortem cultural practice which associated to dental modification, and perimortem taphonomy as evidence of funeral practices or burial procedures. Study on human remains from Liyangan-Old Mataram settlement has opened our knowledge to understanding culture and human behavior which developed during the Classical period of 9-10 century AD in Java. Noerwidi_Liyangan

PROBOSCIDEAN FOSSIL FROM SEMEDO SITE: ITS CORRELATION WITH BIOSTRATIGRAPHY AND HUMAN ARRIVAL IN JAVA. Semedo site is rich on vertebrate fossils, with huge percentage come from Ordo Proboscidea. The aims of this paper is to identify the taxonomy of Proboscidean fossils which important for reconstruction on Biostratigraphy of Java. This research uses comparative description on morphological and morphometry characters, which compare to similar data from Java and others related places. Based on this research we know that in Semedo site there are several species of Proboscidean, yaitu: Sinomastodon bumiayuensis, Stegodon trigonocephalus, Stegodon ”pygmy” semedoensis, Stegodon hypsilophus, Elephas (Archidiskodon) planifrons, and Elephas Hysudrindicus. This condition shows that Semedo recording long historical times of environmental changes and related with ecological context of hominid appearance in this region. Siswanto et.al._Proboscidea Semedo

STONE TOOL FROM SEMEDO SITE: ITS TYPOLOGY DIVERSITY AND SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION. Semedo site produces a huge number of stone artifacts. Until now, there are already find more than 500 pieces of stone artifact which majority use chert and silicified limestone as raw materials. This paper will discuses about typology diversity based on technological aspect and spatial distribution of its localities. Diversity aspect which discussed including; typo-technology, raw material, dimension, and its relation with lateral distribution in Semedo site. Genaraly, those artifacts could identified as two group, which are; massif and non-massif artifacts. Some localities which produce much number of stone artifacts are Rengas, Jurugan, Julang, and Kalen Kawi. Based on this analysis, the result took Semedo site on important position as part of Pleistocene sites which correlated with migration-colonisation of early human in Java. Noerwidi et.al._Alat Batu Situs Semedo

Jawa memiliki banyak situs Plestosen yang merekam perkembangan dan perubahan lingkungan, manusia dengan budayanya sejak lebih dari satu juta tahun yang lalu. Distribusi sebagian besar situs-situs tersebut ada di sekitar Cekungan Solo dan sepanjang aliran Sungai Bengawan Solo. Namun demikian, ada pula situs yang secara fisiografis keberadaannya “soliter” yaitu Patiayam di kaki Gunung Muria dan Semedo di ujung timur pegunungan Zona Bogor – Serayu Utara. Tulisan ini akan menampilkan perkembangan terbaru dan perbandingan data geologi, paleontologi, serta arkeologi dari Patiayam dan Semedo yang berguna untuk melengkapi pemahaman prasejarah kuarter di Pulau Jawa, yang selama ini didominasi oleh data dari situs-situs di sekitar Cekungan Solo dan sepanjang aliran Sungai Bengawan Solo. Siswantodkk_BPA2014

Terus terang, saya tidak tahu mengapa Bol Brutu mengambil simbol Gana (dari Candi Morangan ?) sebagai logo perkumpulan ini. Entah mungkin karena pesan konsistensi yang digambarkan mahluk cebol penyangga dunia ini, mungkin karena postur tubuhnya yang mirip dengan salah satu penggagas gerombolan ini, atau mungkin hanya sekedar iseng belaka. Sebagai Brutus, saya pribadi lebih suka dengan opsi jawaban terakhir.. :) Noerwidi_Ganesa

Site Catchment Analysis of Neolithic Settlements in South Banyuwangi. Economic calculations as cost-benefit ratios were used by prehistoric people in exploiting their natural resources. This paper will discuss about landscape and natural resources to reconstruct the site catchment area which explored by Neolithic people at South Banyuwangi in prehistoric times. In the Site Catchment Analysis for traditional farmer, a preliminary of 1-km radius site catchment zone is the most basic or regular subsistence resources, and 5-km radii is largely the maximum limits of radius distance. Based on hypotheses of catchment zone, we analyzed its natural resource inside each catchment zone. This analysis conducted on landscape conditions (hills, plains, steep cliffs), water sources (springs, rivers and water basins). Comparison between environmental conditions inside the catchment zone and artefaktual findings (from survey and excavation work) are obtained to predict the site catchment pattern of Neolithic settlement sites at ​​South Banyuwangi. Noerwidi_Site Catchment Banyuwangi

Situs kubur kuna Leran dilaporkan oleh masyarakat kepada Balai Arkeologi Yogyakarta pada tahun 2012. Hingga penelitian tahun 2013, setidaknya telah ditemukan sebanyak 17 individu yang berhasil diidentifikasi dari situs Leran. Tulisan ini berusaha mengungkap aspek biokultural yang dimiliki oleh rangka manusia situs Leran melalui data-data materi anatomi tersisa. Aspek biologis yang diungkap antara lain adalah jenis kelamin, usia, tinggi badan, dan ras. Aspek kultural yang dibahas meliputi kebiasaan si individu pada saat masih hidup, dan perlakuan penguburan. Semoga tulisan ini dapat memperkaya pandangan kita mengenai aspek biokultural pada situs-situs kubur di Jawa pada khususnya dan Indonesia pada umumnya. Noerwidi-Rangka Situs Leran

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